Index of All Animations

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Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9

 

Animation

Text Figure Reference

Contraction Types

Figure 2-2/Figure 2-3

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Transfer - feet too close to chair; feet too far away

 

Figure 3-8 & Figure 3-9

Transfer steps - Max assist transfer with trunk control

 

Laboratory

Wheelchair wheelie

 

Figure 3-16

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Scapular versus humeral motion:Abduction with and without a stabilized scapula

 

Figure 4-1

Open- versus closed-chain elbow and shoulder motion

 

Figure 4-10

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Center of rotation (side-to-side axis for elbow flexion & extension) and arc of rotary movement (demonstrated through Animated Figure 2-2/2-3)

 

Figure 5-1

Tendencies toward elbow flexion and extension associated with concentric and eccentric contractions (demonstrated through Animated Figure 2-2/2-3)

 

Figure 5-4

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Normal versus short length hamstrings: effect on lumbar spine in reaching for the toes (standing)

Figure 6-3

 

How hamstrings are stretched in closed-chain hip flexion (during reaching)

Figure 6-3

Short length hamstrings: effect on lumbar spine in reaching for the toes (long sitting)

Figure 6-3

Normal length hamstrings: effect on lumbar spine in reaching for the toes (long sitting)

 

Figure 6-3

Sternocleidomastoid muscle acting alone versus with deep cervical flexor (longus colli)

 

Figure 6-12

Hip flexion as an open-chain versus closed-chain motion

 

Figure 6-13

Pelvic stabilization during use of the hip flexors

 

Figure 6-14

Another example of the need for stabilization: scapula in glenohumeral abduction (demonstrated through Animated Figure 4-1)

 

Figure 6-15

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Scapular motions

 

Figure 7-1

Open-chain and closed-chain scapular depression

 

Figure 7-6

Movie of closed-chain scapular depression as used in a pressure release

 

Figure 7-6

Glenohumeral movement with and without scapular stabilization

 

Figure 7-7

Counteraction of deltoid force early in glenohumeral abduction

 

Figure 7-8

Mechanism of glenohumeral subluxation

 

Figure 7-10

Glenohumeral dislocation secondary to forceful passive abduction

 

Figure 7-11

Elbow extension (open-chain) without elbow extensors (C5-6 quadriplegia)

 

No Figure Reference

Function of brachioradialis as a consequence of its relationship to the axis of pronation/supination

 

Figure 7-14

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Balanced versus unbalanced wrist flexion

 

Figure 8-2

Function based on Brand & Hollister's graph of moment arms at the wrist

 

Figure 8-3

Metacarpophalangeal range of motion based collateral ligament length

 

Figure 8-6

Intrinsic minus configuration

 

Figure 8-10

Intrinsic "-" correction using lumbrical and first dorsal interosseus (in a fresh dissection)

 

Movie 8-1

Boutonniere configuration

 

Figure 8-16

Volar subluxation of metacarpophalangeal joint

 

Figure 8-19

A Closer Look: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Wrist flexion with finger flexion - a lethal combination

Closer Look Box Animation 8-1

A Closer Look: Thumb Movements - thumb flexion

 

Closer Look Box Animation 8-2

A Closer Look: Thumb Movements - thumb abduction

 

Closer Look Box Animation 8-3

Tenodesis grasp movie

 

Movie 8-2

Correct passive range of motion to develop efficient tenodesis grasp

 

Movie 8-3

Role of wrist flexion in release of grasp

 

No Figure Reference

Change in mechanics with bowstringing of the flexor digitorum superficialis and profundus

 

Movie 8-4

Active Insufficiency of FDP in Radial Nerve Injury with Wrist Drop

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Animation

Text Figure Reference

Hip flexion as an open-chain versus closed-chain motion

 

Figure 9-1

Normal versus short length hamstrings: effect on lumbar spine in reaching for the toes

 

Figure 9-2

Reaching to put socks on with normal-length hamstrings

 

Movie 9-1

Reaching with short hamstrings - lower back stress

 

Movie 9-2

Biceps and Hamstring Animations (active insufficiency)

 

Laboratory

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